High blood sugar occurs when your body makes too little insulin or when your body is not able to use insulin the right way. Insulin is a hormone that helps the body use glucose (sugar) for energy. Insulin is made by the pancreas.
High blood sugar is also called high blood glucose or hyperglycemia.
Hyperglycemia - self-care; High blood glucose - self-care
Symptoms of High Blood Sugar
Symptoms of high blood sugar can include:
Being very thirsty
Having blurry vision
Having dry skin
Feeling weak or tired
Needing to pee a lot
You may have other, more serious symptoms if your blood sugar becomes very high.
What to Think about When Your Blood Sugar Is High
High blood sugar can harm you. If your blood sugar is high, you need to know how to bring it down. Here are some questions to ask yourself if your blood sugars are high:
Are you eating correctly?
Are you eating too much? Have you been following your diabetes meal plan?
Did you have a high-fat or high-fiber meal?
Are you taking your diabetes medicines correctly?
Has your doctor changed your medicines?
If you take insulin, have you been taking the correct dose?
Are you afraid of having low blood sugar? Is that causing you to eat too much or take too little insulin or other diabetes medicine?
Have you injected insulin into a scar or overused area? Have you been rotating sites?
If your blood sugar is higher than your goals for 3 days and you do not know why, check your urine for ketones. Then call your doctor or nurse.
American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes -- 2013. Diabetes Care. 2013; 36 Suppl 1:S11-S66.
Nancy J. Rennert, MD, Chief of Endocrinology & Diabetes, Norwalk Hospital, Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, David R. Eltz, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.