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Cow's milk - infants

Recommendations

If your child is under 1 year old, you should not feed your baby cow's milk, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

Cow's milk doesn't provide enough:

Your baby's system can't handle the high levels of these nutrients in cow's milk:

It's also hard for your baby to digest the protein and fat in cow's milk.

To provide the best diet and nutrition for your infant, the AAP recommends that:

  • If possible, you should feed your baby breast milk for the first 6 months of life.
  • You should give your baby only breast milk or iron-fortified formula during the first 12 months of life, not cow's milk.
  • Starting at age 6 months, you may add solid foods to your baby's diet.

If breastfeeding is not possible, infant formulas provide a healthy diet for your infant

Whether you use breast milk or formula, your baby may have colic and be fussy. These are common problems in all babies. Most of the time, cow's milk formulas don't cause these symptoms, so it won't help if you switch to a different formula.

References

American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement: Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk. Pediatrics. March 1, 2012;12(3):e827-e841.


Review Date: 8/22/2013
Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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